Overview of Discussion: The project management has four phases, such as initiation planning execution and closer to make a path from beginning to end. Project initiation, planning and performance are the stages to consider the project's success or failure. When a project is initiated, several planning, processes and problems are there to complete the project (Seboru, 2015). The project managers and teams have the responsibility to complete the project as per their goal and setup. The study will discuss the success as well as the failure factor of any project while it is initiated to closer.
Success factors: The National Museum project in Australia is a successful project by participating in all alliance sharing the rewards and risk (Keniger et al. 2000). Construction of the National Museum of Australia is a successful project that is undertaken to deliver the strategy and new method of contracting cost-effectively. The project is initiated to offer a strategic level and planning to act as the decision making process.
Project management planning: Project management planning for the National Museum of Australia is included to state and complete its representation by contracting to deliver a cost-effective outcome by sharing the rivers and risk with contractors (Chen, 2015). In the project planning stage, the Australian government has taken the initiation to identify the primary goals and scope to prepare a schedule for completing the potential. The planning process includes the entire plan, workflow diagram and budget estimation that have been initiated by the information technology and the art department of the Australian government(Hjelmbrekke et al. 2017). In October 1997, PWC Australia referred the project to consider the processes of building architects and service contractors for public works(Keniger et al. 2000). Museum exhibition designers and contractors have been appointed to take the new method to deliver the outcomes within 2001.
Project execution phase: As per the planning and project goals, execution phase includes the project steps by making tasks, workflows, briefing each team members, communicating with others, monitoring the quality of work and managing the budget (Anantatmula, 2015). NMA facilitated the project presentation in July 1998. After that, the project manager has focused on the process to appoint contractors and architects to develop the project in 1999(Keniger et al. 2000). It is executed as its magnitude and experiences for the new project with clear assurance and certainties (O’Connor et al. 2015). During the procurement processes, it is included to execute and involve project considerations to brief the architectural functioning and assessment process. The procurement and execution phase has been completed as per the goal and principles with industry development(Seboru, 2015).
Failure factor : The Sydney Opera House is considered as one of the best iconic buildings in Australia. In 1957, the construction of Sydney was started with the minimum budget of AUS $7 million (Eoi.es, 2019). The Sydney Opera House could probably the most disastrous construction project in history. The government has become an obstacle for the project team that was running delayed, and the stakeholders were concerned with the project success. This was a failed project, and it was completed in 1967 with a cost of AUS$13.2 million (Eoi.es, 2019).
Project management planning : Project management planning includes the step to monitor the planning processes, costing and other initiatives that are encompassed with the stakeholders for project success. It is planned to contribute to the cost and concerns to represent the goals regarding the stakeholder analysis (Eoi.es, 2019). In the planning process, the Sydney Opera house construction project is concerned with the design aspect and the structural development that was in charge of electronics, mechanics, ventilating and heating. The executive committee has planned to complete the construction within 1962 (Eoi.es, 2019). The project planning is concerned with aspects of structural development and collaboration team that allows the freedom of designers. During the project, the main stakeholder's other clients were involved to modify, and initial estimation was drawn on the incomplete design drawing.
Project execution phase: In project execution phage, Opera house planning could not be executed, and it failed to manage the timelines, cost and other criteria. It is essential and restricted to focus on the goal of the project and architectural allowances to represent and enlighten the freedom in charge of collaboration between them (Lin et al. 2017). The government focused on cost and other criteria additionally. The project was failed and over-scheduled with an updated estimation within 2003. The project execution failed, and it was restructured in 2003.
The elements that may give rise to ethical compromises of the projects
Ethical issues in the project have been found, and it should be considered with legal policies and legislative actions. The successful project of National Museum project in Australia avoided such consequences of accountability, conflicts, workplace culture and safety concerns (Zailani et al. 2016). In the construction industry, ethics for accountability, safety concerns and legal complications are considered to succeed in the project. The Sydney Opera House project was failed due to illegitimate and unethical movement with cost management and time management is modified later. Both the projects have followed ethical considerations initially by highlighting the moral values of honesty, trust, responsibility and fairness (Hjelmbrekke et al. 2017). The organisations and projects should be incorporated by the project managers to ensure success. Project ethics are considered to highlight the opportunities for stakeholders and preferences in terms of the company's norms and policies. The team members and stakeholders must take reasonable attempts to shift the responsibilities and basic standards that the conflicts can be managed and avoided with the company's code of conduct (Choe and Leite, 2017). The study has been focused on the project initiation, planning and execution by highlighting both success and failure factors. The study discussed the success project of National Museum project in Australia and the failed project of the Sydney Opera House construction. Both the failure and success factors have several pitfalls and considerations that are taken into account with outstanding performance and creativity to deliver the project promptly.